The Title X program was established in 1970 by President Nixon, to provide federal funding for family planning services nationwide. The program was introduced with strong bipartisan support but quickly became a contentious part of the yearly appropriations debate.
The largest increase in federal funding since 1980 occurred in the 1993 appropriations bill, the first on which the EMILY’s List candidates elected in the Year of the Woman could vote. Funding increased by almost $24,000,000 over the 1992 appropriations.
2011 saw multiple attempts at defunding Title X, which provides invaluable health care services for women. EMILY’s List women proved to be the firewall against the GOP’s anti-woman legislation, with their votes often serving as the often serving as the deciding factor. Rep. Mike Pence of Indiana introduced an amendment to HR 1, the Ryan Budget, which would prohibit Title X funds from going to Planned Parenthood centers. 33 percent of women served by the program access health care at Planned Parenthood. EMILY’s List Representatives Gwen Moore and Jackie Speier both made floor speeches in opposition sharing their personal experiences with unplanned pregnancy and medically-necessary abortion.
EMILY’s List Representatives defended women’s access to health care against another GOP attack in HR 3, “Stupak on Steroids.” Many EMILY’s List representatives made floor speeches in opposition. Rep. Lois Capps, a nurse, made a floor speech saying “it is time that this Congress places trust in our Nation's women.”
The third attack came in the form of HR 358, the “Let Women Die Act.” EMILY’s List Representatives led the opposition; in a floor speech, Barbara Lee said “we cannot and must not allow the Republicans to turn the clock back on women, on choice, and on our access to health care.” No EMILY’s List Representatives voted for any of those three bills. And, EMILY’s List women in the Senate proved key to making sure the anti-woman legislation coming out of the House was voted down in the upper chamber.
From 1992 to 2011 Title X funding more than doubled, increasing by more than $177 million. In 1992, $265,085,000 was allotted to Title X through congressional appropriations; in 2011 that number had grown to $317,491,000.
That funding covered 19,623,953 breast cancer screenings, over 2 million each year. From 2002 to 2010 Title X funded sites provided 50,359,535 visitors with birth control. The number increased from 4,857,717 people in 2002 to 5,224,862 in 2010, a total increase of 367,145 people.
EMILY’s List women have repeatedly fought back against attempts to defund Title X, voting down amendments and taking to the floors of the House and Senate to give speeches in opposition.
Title X Funding Increased Every Year from 1992 to 2011. Title X funding increased every year from 1992, the “Year of the Woman”, to 2011. In 2012 funding was decreased as part of an overall reduction in government spending in the budget.
Without Title X, 20 Million Women Would Have Lost Access to Breast Cancer Screenings In 8 Years. From 2001 to 2010, Title X funded 19,623,953 breast cancer screenings. They average nearly 2.5 million breast cancer screenings per year. In six years, they identified 345,854 cases in which they recommended women seek further medical evaluation.
Without Title X, 50 Million People Would Have Lost Their Supplier of Birth Control In The Last Decade Alone. From 2001 to 2010, Title X funded health centers provided family planning services to 50,359,535 visitors. Those sites averaged over 5 million visitors every year. The amount of yearly visitors rose by 7.5% over those ten years, from 4,857,717 in 2001 to 5,224,862 in 2010.